@article{oai:nagoya.repo.nii.ac.jp:02006151,
author = {小林, 寛道 and KOBAYASHI, Kando and 三浦, 望慶 and MIURA, Mochiyoshi and 松井, 秀治 and MATSUI, Hideji},
issue = {1},
journal = {総合保健体育科学, Nagoya Journal of Health, Physical Fitness & Sports},
month = {Mar},
note = {Maximal aerobic power was measured for 5-6 successive years in 50 Japanese school boys starting from the ages of 9-10 and 12-13 years. A method of trendmill running was used to measure aerobic power. The boys were divided into two groups, i.e. Group-K and Group-F. Group-K consisted of seven boys tested annually from 9-10 years of age. The subject's training program consisted of activities such as endurance running, soccer, basketball and jump rope under a school teacher's guidance in elementary school days. Group-F consisted of 43 boys (average school boys) tested annually from 12-13 years of age to 17-18 years. Aerobic power for Group-K was 1.16 1/min and 1.77 1/min at the ages of 9.7 and 12.7 years, respectively. A rapid increase in aerobic power was observed between the ages of 12.7 and 14.7 years to reach the peak value of 3.13 1/min at the age of 14.7 years. Aerobic power per 1 kg of body weight was 47.5, 47.0 and 63.2 ml/kg.min at the ages of 9.7, 12.7 and 14.7 years, respectively. Aerobic power for Group-F increased from 1.91 1/min (45.0 ml/kg.min) to 3.05 1/min (51.8 ml/kg.min) between the ages of 13.2 and 18.2 years. The developmental curves of aerobic power for individual subject were classified into nine different patterns of development in the combination with Type I, II, III, and Form a. b, c. The classification was carried out on the basis of the difference in time when the peak value was obtained (Type I, II , III) and of the process to reach the peak value (Form a, b, c). The peak value of aerobic power for Type I, Type II and Type III was obtained at the school age of first, second and third grade of high school, respectively. The peak value of aerobic power averaged 3.05 1/min for Type I, 3.21 1/min for Type II and 3.12 1/min for Type III. Aerobic power in Form a increased more than 20 % between the ages of 12-13 to 13-14 years. Aerobic power in Form b increased more than 20 % in a year after the age of 13-14 years, even though the increment in aerobic power was less than 20 % between the ages of 12-13 and 13-14 years. Aerobic power in Form c did not increase over a rate of 20 % in every one year during the period of observation. The peak values of aerobic power for Form a, Form b and Form c were 3.34 1/min, 3.01 1/min and 2.91 1/min, respectively. The peak value of Form a was significantly (P<0.01) larger than that of Form b, and of Form c. The high values of 3.44 1/min and 3.47 1/min were obtained in the Pattern IIa (Type II - Form a)and in the Pattern IIIa (Type III - Form a), respectively. It might be suggested from the present study that the magnitude of peak value in aerobic power was related to the pattern of development, which might be effected on physical activities during the period of junior high school and also of elementary school.},
pages = {1--11},
title = {縦断的測定からみた男子児童・生徒のAerobic Powerの発達},
volume = {4},
year = {1981}
}