@article{oai:nagoya.repo.nii.ac.jp:00005463,
author = {Yamaguchi, T. and Matsuoka, T. and Koda, S.},
issue = {3},
journal = {The Journal of Chemical Physics},
month = {Jul},
note = {A theory on the time development of the density and current fields of simple fluids under an external field is formulated through the generalized Langevin formalism. The theory is applied to the linear solvation dynamics of a fixed solute regarding the solute as the external field on the solvent. The solute-solvent-solvent three-body correlation function is taken into account through the hypernetted-chain integral equation theory, and the time correlation function of the random force is approximated by that in the absence of the solute. The theoretical results are compared with those of molecular-dynamics (MD) simulation and the surrogate theory. As for the transient response of the density field, our theory is shown to be free from the artifact of the surrogate theory that the solvent can penetrate into the repulsive core of the solute during the relaxation. We have also found a large quantitative improvement of the solvation correlation function compared with the surrogate theory. In particular, the short-time part of the solvation correlation function is in almost perfect agreement with that from the MD simulation, reflecting that the short-time expansion of the theoretical solvation correlation function is exact up to t^2 with the exact three-body correlation function. A quantitative improvement is found in the long-time region, too. Our theory is also applied to the force-force time correlation function of a fixed solute, and similar improvement is obtained, which suggests that our present theory can be a basis to improve the mode-coupling theory on the solute diffusion.},
pages = {034504--034504},
title = {Generalized Langevin theory on the dynamics of simple fluids under external fields},
volume = {123},
year = {2005}
}